Arbre Croche Cultural Resources 214 S Main st. Leslie, MI 49251 US

(517) 525-3060

Combining Passion and Professionalism


About Us

What We Do

ACCR is an archaeological and  anthropological cultural resources consulting company listed by the State of Michigan and the State of Indiana as meeting and exceeding the  Professional Qualification Standards under the Secretary of the  Interior.

Who We Serve

Established in 2007, our clients include the US government, counties,  cities, Native American tribes and private businesses in Michigan and  the Midwest in need of archaeological Phase I, II and III services when  required by Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of  1966 and the National Environmental Policy Act.

A Bit More

ACCR also provides expertise in historical and ethnohistoric document and archival  research, including National Register Nomination preparation. Proprietor and Principal Investigator Misty M. Jackson, Ph.D.,  has served as expert witness for Native American treaty cases.

Preserving the Past


The work we do preserves the past for the future, and every project no matter how small, is important. As a part of ACCR's work, we present papers and publish findings.  

We're Available


We are available to speak to your group if you would like to know more about Great Lakes archaeology and history and cultural resources management.

Did you know?


ACCR's clients include private individuals and small local citizen groups, and not just governments and larger businesses.  



ACCR offers  range of archaeological and GIS services. If you require a specialty (geoarchaeology or faunal analysis, for example) we partner with other professionals on a regular basis. 

Misty M. Jackson, Ph.D., principal investigator and proprietor.  Specialties include Great Lakes and Midwest archaeology, ethnohistory,  and archival research. Dr. Jackson currently serves on the boards of the  Michigan State Historic Preservation Review Board,  the Center for French Colonial Studies, and is President of the Center for Maritime and Underwater Resource Management (CMURM).

Timothy G. Lauxmann, MA. Specialties include remote sensing and GIS, and Great Lakes and Southwest archaeology.

Site Content

Are You On A Local Historic District Commission?


Are you on a local historic district?  Did you know that Michigan's Local Historic Districts Act (Act 169 of 1970) empowers you to protect archaeological resources as well as the built environment in your historic districts? Archaeology is listed four times in the act. In Michigan to date compliance for the protection of heritage sites has occurred only for undertakings with a Federal nexus or  those occurring on State owned or managed properties. 

You can do more to protect our heritage! 

The link below provides access to a .pdf of Act 169 of 1970.

Find out more

About "Arbre Croche"


Arbre Croche Cultural Resources takes  its name from the area in northern Michigan of L'arbre Croche,  meaning  "crooked tree" in French. Located along the northwest coast of  Michigan's lower peninsula by Lake Michigan and southwest of the Straits  of Mackinac, it acquired the name probably during the 17th or 18th  century. According to Andrew Blackbird, "The tradition says when the  Ottawas first came to that part of the country a great pine tree stood  very near the shore where Middle Village now is, whose top was very  crooked, almost hook-like. Therefore the Ottawas called the place  "Wau-gaw-naw-ke-zee" - meaning the crooked top of the tree. But by and  by the whole coast from Little Traverse to Tehin-gaw-beng, now Cross  Village [La Crosse], became denominated as Wau-gaw-naw-ke-zee." The  Odawa moved to L'arbre Croche in 1740, leaving their village at  Michilimackinac where they'd traded with and provisioned the French with  whom they maintained contact. L'arbre Croche remains part of the  traditional homeland and tribal headquarters of the Little Traverse Bay  Band of Odawa Indians. Today it is known as Harbor Springs, Michigan.

(Source: History  of the Ottawa and Chippewa Indians of Michigan; A Grammer of Their  Language, and Personal and Family History of the Author, by Andrew J Blackbird. 1887. Ypsilanti, Michigan: The Ypsilanti Job Printing House. Page 10. 

Map: Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division.)




If you have questions, we have answers. Let us help guide you through the process of compliance or help you determine how to protect archaeological resources within your local historic district.

Contact Us

Contact Us

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Arbre Croche Cultural Resources LLC

Arbre Croche Cultural Resources 214 S Main st. Leslie, MI 49251 US

(517) 525-3060